The White City

The White City

Tel Aviv is referred to as the White City, because of its numerous Bauhaus style buildings. Bauhaus is an architectural style that was prevalent in Europe in the 1920s and 30s and was greatly influenced by socialist ideologies; hence, its emphasis was on functionality, simplicity, and comfort.

In the early 1900s, approximately 4000 Bauhaus style buildings were built in Tel Aviv, which is the reason that the city was later recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
Although many cities around the world can boast of having numerous Bauhaus-style structures, Tel Aviv is unique not only for the sheer quantity, but also for the unmatched quality of its Bauhaus architecture. Tel Aviv is the only city in the world that was planned specifically to accommodate this style, and the percentage of Bauhaus buildings in the city is greater than anywhere else in the world. Yet, as mentioned, it is the quality of Tel Aviv’s Bauhaus architecture in that is remarkable: the Bauhaus buildings in Tel Aviv are characterized by the universal attributes of the style as well as by special features, added with the intent to adapt to the local Mediterranean climate. Alongside the classic Bauhaus elements, such as the bright white color of the buildings, the asymmetry, the lack of ornamentation, the surrounding flora, the elevated structure supported by pillars, the flat roof, and the use of attributes borrowed from the modernist world of machines, these houses also exhibit unique characteristics, such as the beautifully elegant curved balconies and openings that let in the cool sea breeze.
Bauhaus structures are scattered throughout the entire city of Tel Aviv; however, there is a greater concentration of Bauhaus buildings in the area of Dizengoff Street, Rothschild Avenue, Bialik Square, and the Habima Theater.
Free tours of these areas are available in English every Saturday, departing from number 46 Rothschild Blvd. at 11:00 am.
The White Night Festival is held every year at the end of June. It celebrates the designation of Tel Aviv as a World Heritage Site. On this night, many commercial venues are open all night, and special tours and events are offered to celebrate the occasion.

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