Katsrin

Katsrin

Katzrin is located in the central Golan Heights and since its establishment in 1978, it has served as the urban center of the Golan which is primarily characterized by rural settlements. The town has a population of 6600 and it is named after an ancient settlement which existed 1500 years ago named Kisrin, whose ruins are adjacent to Katzrin.
The city and its surrounding include a number of sites of interest. The central one of these, north of the new city, is Ancient Katzrin Park which contains the remains of the ancient Jewish village which existed from the fourth to the eighth centuries CE. The most significant and impressive architectural structure from this period is the synagogue dating from the sixth century CE. Even after the Muslim conquest of Israel, the village continued to exist and to develop until it was apparently destroyed in the earthquake which took place in 745. The Golan is subject to earthquakes  due to its proximity to a geological rift – the meeting point between the Arabian plate and the African plate. As a result of the strong earthquake, the village was abandoned for hundreds of years, until it was discovered by the German engineer, Gottlieb Schumacher, who conducted a scientific survey in the Golan Heights in the 1880s. After 100 years, when the Golan came under Israeli rule, the beautiful synagogue was restored and the Jewish village was partially reconstructed, including houses, articles of all types and facilities which are in the spirit of the period. Many Jewish villages like Kisrin were scattered through the Golan Heights and their remains can be seen in the golan Antiquity Museum at the new Katzrin Center. East of Katzrin Park is the recommended Magic Golan Installation. This installation includes a unique three-dimensional movie which presents the Golan Heights in an exciting multi-sensory display shown on a 180 degree screen. In addition to the film, a large and accurate model of the Golan Heights is exhibited which presents the story of the Golan in a fascinating audiovisual show. In the same area, another recommended place to visit is Mevashelet Golan, a beer-making plant which uses water from the clear springs of the Golan Heights. At Mevashelet Golan the visitor can watch the beer-making process, taste the beer and top it off with a good meal at the restaurant on the premises.
Behind this area, in the Katzrin industrial park, is the Visitors Center of the Ramat Hagolan Winery, one of the leading wineries in Israel whose wine is based on the vineyards of the Jewish settlements in the Golan. The Mey Eden company, which bottles clear mineral waters from a spring located nearby is also located in the park, as is the Golan Olive Press which produces olive oil and olive-oil based cosmetics.

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